Neuropeptide Galanin – might limit MS disease severity

I know reading it through might be a bit confusing but I believe it is still another interesting and important discovery.

The neuropeptide galanin is widely distributed in the nervous system and levels are known to increase dramatically in response to injury. Galanin and galanin receptors have recently been shown to be overexpressed in some brain areas of people with Alzheimer’s disease and researchers at the University of Bristol have now shown that galanin is also upregulated in microglia from lesions and shadow plaques in multiple sclerosis sufferers as well as in oligodendrocytes from mice with EAE, an experimental form of the disease.

To investigate whether the increased levels of galanin were modulating disease activity, the team monitored the development of EAE in wild type (WT) mice, galanin knockout (Gal-KO) mice, mice over-expressing galanin (Gal-OE) and mice expressing a mutated form of the galanin receptor-2 (GalR2-Mut). It was found that Gal-OE mice were completely resistant to the development of clinical symptoms whilst Gal-KO mice developed clinical disease earlier than WT mice and GalR2-Mut mice developed more severe disease than WT mice and at an earlier time point.

The study clearly shows the importance of galanin in limiting disease severity in mice with EAE and suggests that GalR2 agonists, if these could be identified, may be of benefit to MS patients.

The study is published in the August 26th online edition of PNAS.

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2 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. maggsbunny
    Sep 21, 2009 @ 11:02:01

    Thanks for always keeping us up to date with the latest. I have no need to research anymore, just read your blog :-) Always entertaining and informative. Hope you are well.

    Reply

    • sofija
      Sep 24, 2009 @ 22:17:56

      Hey Maggs!:o)
      Glad to hear from you! And especially that my blog helps/contributes a bit to knowledge-gathering regarding the newest on the MS front :) thank you! I must say it isn’t easy keeping up as there are constant updates, news, findings, and various researches done..it is amazing and thank god for that! :)
      take care! :o)

      Reply

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